Face Recognition Technologies
Prof. Stan Z. Li
National Lab of Pattern Recognition (NLPR)
Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASIA)
Face recognition performance has improved significantly since the first
automatic face recognition system developed by Kanade. Face detection, facial
feature extraction, and recognition can now be performed in "realtime" for
images captured under favorable, constrained situations. Although progress in
face recognition has been encouraging, the task has also turned out to be a
difficult endeavor, especially for unconstrained tasks where viewpoint,
illumination, expression, occlusion, accessories, and so on vary considerably.
In this talk, he will analyze challenges from the viewpoint of face manifolds and points out possible research directions towards highly accurate face recognition. He will show that the challenges come from high nonconvexity of face manifolds, in the image space, under variations in lighting, pose and so on; unfortunately, there have been no good methods from theories of pattern recognition for solving such difficult problems, especially when the size of training data is small. However, there are two directions to look at towards possible solutions: One is to construct a "good'' feature space in which the face manifolds become less complex i.e., less nonlinear and nonconvex than those in other spaces. This includes two levels of processing: (1) normalize face images geometrically and photometrically, such as using morphing and histogram equalization; and (2) extract features in the normalized images which are stable with respect to the said variations, such as based on Gabor wavelets. The second strategy is to construct classification engines able to solve less, although still, nonlinear problems in the feature space, and to generalize better. A successful algorithm usually combines both strategies. Still another direction is on system design, including sensor hardware, to make the pattern recognition problems thereafter less challenging.
Stan Z. Li is a Researcher at National Lab of Pattern Recognition (NLPR), Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASIA), and the Director of the Center for Biometrics and Security Research (CBSR). He worked at Microsoft Research Asia as a Researcher from May 2000 to Aug 2004. Prior to that, he was an Associate Professor of Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. His current research interest is in face recognition technologies, biometrics, intelligent surveillance, pattern recognition, and machine learning. He has published several books, including "Handbook of Face Recognition" (Springer-Verlag, 2004) and "Markov Random Field Modeling in Image Analysis" (Springer-Verlag, 2nd edition in 2001), and over 200 refereed papers and book chapters in these areas. He obtained a B.Eng from Hunan University, a M.Eng from National University of Defense Technology, and a PhD from Surrey University where he also worked as a research fellow. All the degrees are in Electrical and Electronic Engineering. He is a senior member of IEEE and currently serves as editorial board of Pattern Recognition, and program committees of various international conferences.
IAPR International Conference on Biometrics 2006